Lunes, 20 Mayo 2019 15:29

Impact of a Multimodal Approach in Prevention of Surgical Site Infection in Hepatic Transplant Recipients.

Escrito por 

 Revista Internacional 

Prieto JMedina JCLópez MRando KIglesias CHarguindeguy MLeites AEtlin AMenéndez JValverde MScalone PCastelli JGrecco GAbelleira MGonzález LSGerona S. Impact of a Multimodal Approach in Prevention of Surgical Site Infection in Hepatic Transplant Recipients. Transplant Proc. 2016 Mar;48(2):658-64.


In liver transplant (LT) recipients, surgical site infection (SSI) represents an important cause of morbidity and mortality.


This study measures the impact of a multimodal approach to the incidence of surgical site infection in LT recipients.


All of the LT recipients in our department were registered on the national database in solid organ transplant. A study was performed in two analytical-interventional phases. Phase 1 took place between July 14, 2009, and February 20, 2014. Phase 2 took place between February 21, 2014, and July 15, 2015. The multimodal change implemented during phase 1 was that 0.5% alcoholic chlorhexidine and ether were applied to the surgical field; surgical prophylaxis was primarily with ampicillin/sulbactam plus cefazolin. In phase 2, 2% alcoholic chlorhexidine alone was applied to the surgical field. The prior standard prophylaxis was changed to piperacillin tazobactam administered during surgery as a continuous infusion of 13.5 g over 8 hours with a pre-incision loading dose of 4.5 g. The loading dose of piperacillin tazobactam was combined with a single dose of gentamicin of 5 mg/kg.


One hundred eight patients have received transplants since the start of the program: 82 patients during phase one and 26 patients during phase two. During phase 1, 13 cases of SSI were recorded, representing a rate of 15.85 per 100 transplants. Sixteen micro-organisms were isolated during phase 1, of which 12 corresponded to gram-negative bacilli. With regard to resistance profiles, 13 showed multidrug resistant and extensively drug resistant profiles. During phase 2, no cases of SSI were recorded (relative risk = 0.158 [95% confidence interval 0.0873-0.255], P = .0352].


A multimodal approach allowed for the reduction of the incidence of SSI in LTs and offered a protective strategy.

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